Posted on September 6, 2019, 3:39 PM IST
Excitement brews as Chandrayaan 2 landing on the Moon countdown begins
India has been on a super space mission since the successful launch of the Chandrayaan 2. The world watches as India is all set to create history on the moon. The final hours of countdown have began, the six wheeled rover Pragyaan is expected to deploy shortly from the Vikram lander.
Why this mission to the south side of the Moon so important?
Indian Space Research Organisation set the Chandrayaan-2 to explore the lunar South Pole to research and prove the theory that the Moon was born into the orbital of the solar system after a large asteroid crashed into the Earth. According to this theory, the Moon is essentially made up of elements present on the Earth making it a sustainable part of the eco-system.
However, conditions on Moon pertain to no rain, snow or wind. Thus making it a goldmine of resources and elements that were present while the Solar system was in its birth stage. The South Pole side of the moon has remained away from the sunlight for billions of years and hence known to be one of the coldest spot in the Solar system. Erosion of precious elements, signs of early life and tonnes of water have been avoided on the South Pole surface since its birth in the Galaxy. Hence it is believed that these will unlock the mysteries of the Milky Way and help scientists understand the origins of life.
How will Chandraayan 2 land ?
The lander took off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota on July 22nd, 2019. The lander is named after the Father of India’s Space programme – Dr. Vikram Sarabhai. It is expected to start the descend to the moon’s surface after 1 am on Saturday. The lander will perform a series of manoeuvres to bring itself to a 90-degree angle with respect to the lunar surface and identify a suitable landing site. The landing takes almost 15 minutes after which the Vikram will perform a soft landing on the South pole of the Moon.
Chandrayaan-2 consists of an orbiter, a lander and a rover, is ready for its historic tryst with the Moon. The six-wheeled rover Pragyaan will investigate the surface of the Moon for 14 Earth days, performing surface and sub-surface experiments. The Chandrayaan-2 orbiter, on the other hand, will continue revolving around the Moon for a year, studying the lunar atmosphere.
Experiments the Chandrayaan-2 will perform?
To determine the on surface texture and the presence of water. To research the origins of the Solar System and the extension of life on the planets, especially the Earth
The Rs 960-crore Chandrayaan-2 expedition is a follow up to the 2008 Chandrayaan-1 mission, which made history by confirming the presence of water on the Moon. Chandrayaan-2 is also a forerunner to the grand Gaganyaan mission, which will send three Indians to space on an Indian spacecraft.